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Primus Green Energy- flared gas solution

flaring mainby JERRY SCHRANZ

As you may be aware, ~$20B of gas is flared each year around the world. Globally, flaring produces approximately 400 million tons of harmful greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually, according to the World Bank-led Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership. This flaring often occurs in remote oilfield locations, where limited to no pipeline infrastructure exists to transport the gas to market. This challenge represents a huge opportunity for small-scale GTL – New technologies that enable the deployment of cost-effective, small-scale gas-to-liquids plants can help oil and gas producers capture the flared gas on-site and monetize the resources currently being wasted.

Primus is an alternative fuel technology company that has developed a proprietary STG+ gas-to-liquid technology poised to solve some problems the oil and gas industries are facing.  They have so far:

  • A 100,000 gallon/year demo facility in operation, which is producing 93-octane gasoline directly from natural gas. (meets regulatory standards in U.S. and Europe. Here’s a link to animation explaining STG+
  • Their 93-octane gasoline produces less CO2, low in benzene, and zero sulfur, compared to traditional gasoline, and the Primus product can be mixed with traditional gasoline.

In most cases, flaring is the only option for oilfield operators, as pipeline infrastructure doesn’t exist to get the gas to market. That’s where Primus comes in. Earlier this summer, Primus introduced the commercialization aspects of their flared gas solution. The system takes natural gas that would otherwise be flared and converts it into high quality gasoline using Primus’ proprietary STG+ technology. The gasoline can then be blended into a refinery gasoline pool or mixed with crude for simplified transport. Since then , they have been approached by numerous oil and gas producers from around the globe who are eager for an economic alternative to flaring in the face of increasing anti-flaring regulations.

The flared gas solution modular systems are available in standard pre-engineered models with nameplate production capacities of 250, 500, and up to 2000 BPD. In the future, these systems will also be available for offshore applications. The technology is a significant improvement over other on-site platforms being explored – which include CNG technologies and other, less cost-effective GTL technologies – as it can produce multiple end products from the same gas feedstock. The Primus process also is less water intense and has the ability and recycles the water.

You can read more about Primus’ flared gas solution in this white paper. Here’s also a short video presentation from NASA and World Bank in association with the GGFR Partnership, showing the larger perspective beyond North Dakota.



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Gas fuelled ships into the future

cruise ship lngThe Sapphire Blue‘ LNG-fuelled cruise ship concept design

The Motorship discusses the way forward for LNG at sea with Oskar Levander, vice-president of innovation, Rolls-Royce. Ship technology and design moves forward thanks to two main development drivers. First, there is the technology ‗push‘: new technologies and materials; new design procedures, which includes such technologies as CFD and simulations; and the ability to handle, analyse and communicate large amounts of data. But this has little purpose without the market ‘pull‘: in the case of shipping this includes factors such as: regulations and environmental consideratoins; cots of fuel and the possibility of alternatives; cost of manning, and competence levels of the crew; the need to earn revenue; and safety and reliability.

One of the most important ‗pulls‘ focusing the attention towards development of new designs and technologies is the introduction of emission control areas, where sulphur, and in the near future NOx, emissions will be very tightly controlled. With the choice of heavy and distillate fuels, with scrubbers and SCR installations cutting emissions when using the cheaper and more polluting fuels, and the possibility for gas fuels, in both dual fuel and pure gas engines, the palette is becoming more diverse. There is no clear answer as to which option to choose, the optimum choice will depend on a host of economic and operational variables, all of which are well documented.
Mr Levander is convinced that LNG as fuel will play a significant role in the future, particularly as ship and engine design evolve to take full advantage of its benefits. The number of LNG-fueled ships in operation and on order is growing all the time; earlier this year the total passed the 100 mark, covering many different sectors from tugs up to large container ships and tankers.


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CNG Vehicle Converison News

Schild CNG-TankstelleAlbany prepares for conversion to CNG vehicles by Carlton Fletcher                                                                                                                  The city of Albany will join a growing number of governmental agencies and private industries utilizing compressed natural gas fuel in many of their vehicles if a measure that will be presented to the City Commission Tuesday is approved. Interim City Manager Tom Berry told the city‘s Water, Gas & Light Commission board Thursday that the city is expected to order as many as 11 transit buses soon that utilize CNG, which is made by compressing natural gas — usually methane — to less than 1 percent of the volume the gas occupies at standard atmospheric pressure. http://www.albanyherald.com/news/2014/nov/01/albany-prepares-for-conversion-to-cng-vehicles/

Douglas putting CNG vehicles on the road by Irisha Jones                                                                                                                                      DOUGLAS, GA (WALB) – The city of Douglas plans to convert several city cars into compressed natural gas vehicles.Five police dodge chargers and other city fleet vehicles will soon run off natural gas. The city’s trash provider, Waste Industries, has a contract to use the fuel for their vehicles. The city opened a CNG fueling facility October 1st that is open to the public. Anyone with a C-N-G or bi-fuel vehicle can use the station.―Any vehicle that we think will make sense that will save money and will give us that carbon footprint in the city of Douglas we’ll entertain doing. We want be able to do a full fleet so some don’t make sense but the ones we do, we’ll convert to CNG vehicles. Police force will be some of the main ones,‖ said Mike Hudson, Natural Gas, Water and Waste Director. The city plans to convert more vehicles to save on fuel costs. http://www.walb.com/story/27179450/douglas-putting-cng-vehicles-on-the-road

Alabama’s Largest CNG Station Opens its Doors (NDT News)                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Corridor Clean Fuels, through a partnership with Home Oil Co. and the Southeast Alabama Gas District, has opened what it says is the largest compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling station in Alabama. Located in Dothan at the Hobo Pantry Chevron on 735 Ross Clark Cir., the $2 million public-access station will sell CNG at $1.98/gallon, according to a report from Dothan Eagle. Corridor Clean Fuels said in July that ANGI Energy Systems would be supplying two 250 hp compressors, a single-vessel regenerative dryer and a three-tube CNG storage package. Two high-flow Kraus dispensers – each capable of delivering an average of approximately 10-12 DGE/minute – are also installed. http://www.ngtnews.com/e107_plugins/content/content.php?content.10182#.VFfS18lsySo

Ryder Inks CNG Contract with Delivery Fleet Servicing McDonald’s (NGT News)                                                                                                                                                                                     Ryder System Inc. says Northeast Foods, a Baltimore-based baking company and food distributor, has signed a full-service lease agreement for 25 compressed natural gas (CNG) delivery trucks. Northeast Foods will use the trucks to support its distribution and delivery operations that exclusively service McDonald’s Corp. It will begin to take delivery of the vehicles in 2015 and expects to have all 25 fully operational by midyear. Ryder says this is its first natural gas lease customer in Maryland. The company will also provide maintenance for the 25 CNG vehicles from its Baltimore service facility, which is being upgraded for compliance with natural gas standards.  http://www.ngtnews.com/e107_plugins/content/content.php?content.10181#.VFqJx7l0yM9


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Angelos Damaskos: Five Juniors that Insulate Investors from Today’s Low Oil Prices


silhouette oil pumpsAngelos Damaskos, principal adviser of the Junior Oils Trust, admits that he finds the recent collapse in oil price a mystery. Nonetheless, he has no doubt that demand will compel higher prices in the medium and long term. In this interview with The Energy Report, Damaskos argues that current prices are dismal news for the majors, shale oil producers and the oil sands but underline the advantage of investment in juniors with solid, long-term projects, of which he presents five.

The Energy Report: The price of crude oil has fallen 30% over the last four months. Are you surprised?

Angelos Damaskos: It’s astonishing, considering that the price had been stable for over three years, trading between $100 per barrel ($100/bbl) and $120/bbl for Brent crude.

TER: Why has this happened?

AD: It’s unlikely that demand has collapsed so dramatically over the last four months. All indicators point to a fairly stable global economy, and the American economy in particular is enjoying healthier growth than previously.

TER: So has the price drop been orchestrated?

AD: Nothing can be substantiated, given the opacity of the oil market, but there are three theories. The first is that Saudi Arabia is overproducing to hurt the American shale oil industry. Many shale oil deposits are probably marginal at around $75–80/bbl.

The second theory is that Saudi Arabia may be overproducing to starve ISIS of funds. This is a more credible theory than the first, because this result would please the United States, as the oil price fall also hurts Russia, Iran and Venezuela.

The third theory is that China, which has significant control over marginal oil demand, has deliberately curtailed its imports of foreign commodities over the last four to six months, as industrial users are drawing down their inventories. The Chinese are trying desperately to control domestic debt and protect their banks. Chinese institutions have used commodities as collateral to leverage operations, leading to, among other problems, a dangerously overheated property market. This third theory would also explain the dramatic fall in the prices of base metals such as copper, aluminum, zinc and especially iron ore, which is now near an all-time low.

TER: Wouldn’t Saudi Arabia cutting the price of oil be a case of cutting off its nose to spite its face? Saudi billionaire Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal pointed out, in an open letter to Saudi Arabia’s oil minister, that 90% of that country’s revenue comes from oil sales, so that to underestimate the consequences of a drastically lower oil price would be a “disaster which cannot pass unnoticed.”

AD: The Prince certainly has a point. However, if we accept the theory that Saudi Arabia has a politically motivated interest to oversupply to harm America’s shale oil industry, a significant reduction in new American supply would likely lead to more stable long-term oil prices, and this might actually benefit Saudi Arabia.

Read More here:  http://www.theenergyreport.com/pub/na/16355


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Natural gas glut in Appalachia keeps pushing prices downward

oil drilling rig on oilfieldBy David Conti

Lower gas prices and a production glut in Appalachia aren’t deterring the biggest drillers in the Marcellus shale.

Companies continue to report surging production in their quarterly statements, and several are forecasting growth into next year.

Production is growing because drillers are finding more efficient ways to extract gas from shale formations. But in Appalachia, which accounts for the lion’s share of domestic gas production, a pipeline bottleneck has created a glut that is pressuring prices.

Spot prices at several Appalachian pipeline hubs spent the summer and fall $1 to $2 below the national benchmark of roughly $4 per million British thermal units. Lower prices have not hurt many of the big players or forced them to dial back production. But executives and investors are closely watching the dilemma created by oversupply and pipeline constraints.

“If prices crashed to $1.80, everybody would be hurting. But I don’t see that happening,” said Mark Marmo, president of Zelienople-based Deep Well Services, which completes wells for top Marcellus and Utica shale producers, such as Southwestern Energy, Range Resources and Chesapeake Energy.

Read more:

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